Research - Plantago ovata
Study of the protective effect on intestinal mucosa of the hydrosoluble fiber Plantago ovata husk
Ana M. Sahagún1, José Vaquera2, Juan J. García1, Ángela P. Calle1, María-José Diez1,Nélida Fernández1*, Juan F. Loro3, Hugo O. Portilla1 and Matilde Sierra1
Background Several studies have indicated that dietary fiber may have a protective effect on gastrointestinal mucosa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective action of the soluble fiber Plantago ovata husk against intestinal damage.
Methods To evaluate the anti-ulcerogenic effect on duodenal mucosa of the soluble fiber Plantago ovatahusk, low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (10 mg/kg) was given orally to animals once daily for 14 or 28 days with and without Plantago ovata husk (100 mg/kg). 24 h after final dosing duodenal samples were removed for anatomopathological evaluation. Villi were examined by both light and scanning electron microscopy.
Results Acetylsalicylic acid induced severe lesions in duodenal mucosa of rabbits, including erosions, epithelium disorganization, and cell vacuolization, increasing as well the amount of mononuclear and caliciform cells. Damage was much more severe in animals treated for 28 days. In groups receiving Plantago ovata husk, a significant attenuation of acetylsalicylic acid-induced lesions was already observed in group treated for 14 days, becoming more evident in those treated for 28 days, all of them with duodenal cytoarchitecture normal and similar to control animals.
Conclusions These findings suggest that Plantago ovata husk may protect intestinal mucosa probably by limiting acetylsalicylic acid penetration into epithelial cells, although further studies are needed to confirm the same effect in other experimental models of induced mucosal damage and to elucidate the mechanisms of fiber protection.
Source : BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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